〔記者涂鉅旻／台中報導〕因應中共解放軍威脅，國軍持續強化「不對稱戰力」，中科院昨對外展示無人機研發成果，其中，「劍翔」反輻射無人機現已進行量產，中科院首度公開實機與性能諸元，中科院航空所長齊立平表示，「劍翔」無人機的攻擊距離可超過一千公里、滯空五小時，俯衝攻擊時速更可達五、六百公里。劍翔機 俯衝時速逾500公里 – 國防部自今年至二○二六年執行二三六九億餘元的「海空戰力提升計畫採購特別預算」，其中一一九億餘元投入量產「劍翔」無人機。國軍規劃，這型無人機年產量可達四十八架以上，並區分尋標、攻擊二型機，可偵蒐敵雷達輻射訊號後，高速撞擊摧毀敵目標，且壓制目標包含中共沿岸、內陸及海上雷達。中科院也首度公布「劍翔」無人機確切諸元，齊立平表示，「劍翔」反輻射無人機若採直線飛行，其攻擊距離超過一千公里，可滯空五小時，若距離敵目標五百公里，則尚有約五百公里的餘裕，可於目標區上方盤旋。而「劍翔」無人機飛行時速約兩百公里，俯衝攻擊階段時速則可達五百至六百公里左右。
Taiwan’s Ministry of National Defense is at least two decades late in terms of unmanned vehicles – in the air, at sea and submersed, for coastal defense. The gap between Taiwan’s vibrant and creative civil society – economy, commerce, technology, innovation – and its national security establishment cannot be wider than in the UAV sector. And I suspect while the obvious gaps are in the hardware, the greater threat to Taiwan’s national security exists in the ‘software’ – strategy, tactics, openness to new ideas, thinking creatively, and learning from the world. The Chinese communist military has invested decades in unmanned technology – the Taiwan Ministry of National Defense is still discussing bayonets. This Ministry of National Defense is reactive, conventional, and prefers copying past practices, refusing to learn from global counterparts such as the Israelis. A Martian traveling to earth in the 1990s and assessing the balance of power between communist China and democratic Taiwan, would surely assume smaller Taiwan would focus its energy and attention on unmanned vehicles. That it is 2022 and Taiwan’s national security apparatus has barely just started – much less engaging its talented civilian sectors in a wide-ranging discussion of strategy and tactics, is astonishing. Though, better late than never.
There are other public policy discussions a democratic nation such as Taiwan should engage in. The role and purpose of CSIST, for example – should it focus on R&D and subcontract the manufacturing to civilian firms? Should it try to engage R&D in all sectors as it appears to do now? In what ways can CSIST play a leading role in placing Taiwanese high-technology manufacturing into the global democratic supply chain? If Taiwanese civilian firms have an edge on CSIST in UAV technology, what are the global best practices to ensure the talent and creativity of the private sectors are harnessed while maintaining national security? As Admiral Lee and others have rightly argued, Taiwan’s democracy requires open and honest discussions and debates on its national security options. 16.11.2022
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